Lifers - World Species

Well where do I start. It's been 53 years since I started bird watching and I am really grateful to my Grandfather for introducing me to what has become a wonderful pastime. I was going to say that apart from the early days, when it was all a bit of a learning curve, it has all become quite easy.

But the truth is, that never happens and the learning process never stops. Yes the more commoner birds are easy to spot, but when you hear or see something that is unusual to you and then it turns out to be a Great Tit, then you begin to realise that there are some things that can always surprise you. These traits can test the resolve of both experienced and new birdwatchers alike, and just goes to show that there is always something new to learn.

What I have learnt though in all these years, is that it's not so much about identifying the bird, but it's jizz. Yes in most cases you know what the bird is straight away, but those shapes, posture, calls, size, colour, flight patterns combined with the birds habitat and location, all help in the process of identifying the species. In other words, taking all the above into consideration, you would in time know that you had seen a wader or a thrush, though not necessarily a Redshank or a Redwing. What you do next is build up a picture of the species in your mind and when you've taken everything into account,conclude that it was indeed a Redshank or a Redwing. I appreciate I've probably haven't explained this very well, but on Wikipedia Here there is probably a  better explanation and even the the origin of the name jizz.

So this jizz has actually helped me out on my world travels. Unaccustomed to seeing foreign birds in far away countries, the art of understanding the vibe of a bird has helped me out no end. Even to the extent of identifying the first ever South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki recorded just off Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. Well everyone has to have at least one claim to fame.

The countries where I recorded my lifers are Ascension Island, Bahrain, Belgium, Canada, England, France, Gibraltar, Holland, Italy, Mallorca, Norway, Portugal, Rhodes, Sardinia, Scotland, Spain, Symi, Tenerife, Turkey, Wales and West Germany.

Below then are my lifetime achievements, which changes nearly every year as the experts change sub-species to species etc. So, as far as I can tell, I'm up to date with it all and my Life List stands at 516

Great Northern Diver, Gavia immer
Black-throated Diver, Gavia arctica
Red-throated Diver, Gavia stellata

Great Crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus
Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena
Slavonian Grebe, Podiceps auritus
Black-necked Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis
Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's Grebe, Aechmophorus clarkii

True Fulmars

Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis

Manx Shearwater, Puffinus puffinus
Sooty Shearwater, Ardenna grisea
Cory's Shearwater, Calonectris borealis
Great Shearwater, Puffinus gravis

Storm Petrels
European Storm-petrel, Hydrobates pelagicus
Madeiran Storm-petrel, Oceanodroma castro
Leach's Storm-petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Gannets and Boobies
Gannet, Morus bassanus
Masked Booby, Sula dactylatra
Brown Booby, Sula leucogaste

Frigate Birds
Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens

American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

European Shag, Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Mediterranean Shag, Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii
Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
Socotra Cormorant, Phalacrocorax nigrogularis
Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus
Pygmy Cormorant, Microcarbo pygmeus

Herons, Egrets and Bitterns
Grey Heron, Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron, Ardea purpurea
Great White Egret, Ardea alba
Little Egret, Egretta garzetta
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
Night Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
Western Reef Heron, Egretta gularis
Little Bittern, Ixobrychus minutus
Bittern, Botaurus stellaris

Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
Scarlet Ibis, Eudocimus ruber

White Stork, Ciconia ciconia

Spoonbill, Platalea leucorodia

Greater Flamingo, Phoenicopterus roseus

Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
Whooper Swan, Cygnus cygnus
Bewick's Swan, Cygnus columbianus bewickiia

Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
Greylag Goose, Anser anser
Pink-footed Goose, Anser brachyrhynchus
Greater White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
European White-fronted geese, Anser albifrons albifrons
Greenland White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons flavirostris
Dark-bellied Brent Goose, Branta bernicla bernicla
Pale-bellied Brent Goose, Branta bernicla hrota
Brant Goose, Branta bernicla
Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
Taiga Bean Goose, Anser Fabalis
Barnacle Goose, Branta leucopsis
Tundra Bean Goose, Anser Fabalis Rossicus
Egyptian Goose, Alopochen aegyptiaca

Surface-feeding Ducks
Shelduck, Tadorna tadorna
Mandarin, Aix galericulata
Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
Gadwall, Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope
American Wigeon, Anas americana
Eurasian Teal, Anas crecca
Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors
Green-winged Teal, Anas carolinensis
Garganey, Anas querquedula
Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
Marbled Duck, Marmaronetta angustirostris

Diving Ducks
Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula
Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris
Pochard, Aythya ferina
Common Eider, Somateria mollissima
Common Scoter, Melanitta nigra
Velvet Scoter, Melanitta fusca
White-winged Scoter, Melanitta deglandi
Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
Long-tailed Duck, Clangula hyemalis
Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
Steller's Eider, Polysticta stelleri
Greater Scaup, Aythya marila
Red-crested Pochard, Netta rufina
Ferruginous Duck, Aythya nyroca

Goosander, Mergus merganser
Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator
Smew, Mergellus albellus

Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis

Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
Griffon Vulture, Gyps fulvus

White-tailed Eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla
Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's Eagle, Aquila fasciata
Booted Eagle, Hieraaetus pennatus
Short-toed Eagle, Circaetus gallicus

Common Buzzard, Buteo buteo
Rough-legged Buzzard, Buteo lagopus
Honey Buzzard, Pernis apivorus
Long-legged Buzzard, Buteo rufinus

Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus
Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus
Swainson's Hawk, Buteo swainsoni

Red Kite, Milvus milvus
Black Kite, Milvus migrans

Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus
Hen Harrier, Circus cyaneus
Pallid Harrier, Circus macrourus
Montagu's Harrier, Circus pygargus

Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
Hobby, Falco subbuteo
Merlin, Falco columbarius
Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
Lesser Kestrel, Falco naumanni
Red-footed Falcon, Falco vespertinus

Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
Red Grouse, Lagopus lagopus scotica
Ptarmigan, Lagopus muta

Partridges and Pheasants
Red-legged Partridge, Alectoris rufa
Barbary Partridge, Alectoris barbara
Grey Partridge, Perdix perdix
Quail, Coturnix coturnix
Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
Grey Francolin, Francolinus pondicerianus
Red-necked Spurfowl, Pternistis Afer
Black Francolin, Francolinus francolinus
Chukar, Alectoris chukar

Cranes and Bustards
Common Crane, Grus grus
Little Bustard, Tetrax tetrax

Rails and Crakes
Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Eurasian Coot, Fulica atra
American Coot, Fulica americana
Spotted Corncrake, Porzana porzana
Water Rail, Rallus aquaticus

Eurasian Oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus
Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus
Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius
Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
Greater Sand Plover, Charadrius leschenaultii
Lesser Sand Plover, Charadrius mongolus
Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
Caspian Plover, Charadrius asiaticus
European Golden Plover, Pluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden Plover, Pluvialis fulva
American Golden Plover, Pluvialis dominica
Grey Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
Turnstone, Arenaria interpres
Red-wattled Plover, Vanellus indicus
Spur-winged Plover, Vanellus spinosus
Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus

Small Sandpipers
Broad-billed Sandpiper, Limicola falcinellus
Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin, Calidris alpina
Temminck's Stint, Calidris temminckii
Little Stint, Calidris minuta
Red Knot, Calidris canutus
Sanderling, Calidris alba
Purple Sandpiper, Calidris maritima
Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis

Snipes and Woodcocks
Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago
Woodcock, Scolopax rusticola
Jack Snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus
Great Snipe, Gallinago media

Curlews and Godwits
Eurasian Curlew, Numenius arquata
Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
Black-tailed Godwit, Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit, Limosa lapponica
Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa

Larger Sandpipers
Terek Sandpiper, Xenus cinereus
Redshank, Tringa totanus
Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus
Greenshank, Tringa nebularia
Common Sandpiper, Actitis hypoleucos
Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola
Green Sandpiper, Tringa ochropus
Ruff, Philomachus pugnax
Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
Baird's Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
Marsh Sandpiper, Tringa stagnatilis
White-rumped Sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
Stilt Sandpiper, Micropalama himantopus

Avocet, Recurvirostra avosetta
American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana

Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus

Stone Curlews
Eurasian Stone Curlew, Burhinus oedicnemus

Collared Pratincole, Glareola pratincola
Black-winged Pratincole, Glareola nordmanni
Oriental Pratincole, Glareola maldivarum

Wilson's Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
Grey Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius
Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus

Great Skua, Stercorarius skua
Arctic Skua, Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Skua, Stercorarius longicaudus
South Polar Skua, Stercorarius maccormicki

Slender-billed Gull, Chroicocephalus genei
Pallas's Gull, Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Black-headed Gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Little Gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean Gull, Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Sabine's Gull, Xema sabini
European Herring Gull, Larus Argentatus
Yellow-legged Gull, Larus michahellis
Caspian Gull, Larus cachinnans
Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus
Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus graellsii
Siberian Gull, Larus fuscus heuglini
Great Black-backed Gull, Larus marinus
Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus
Common Gull, Larus canus
Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla
Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
California Gull, Larus californicus
Audouin's Gull, Ichthyaetus audouinii
Franklin's Gull, Leucophaeus pipixcan
Iceland Gull, Larus glaucoides
Ross's Gull, Rhodostethia rosea

Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon niloticaa
Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia
Swift Tern, Thalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested Tern, Thalasseus bengalensis
Sandwich Tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis
Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybrida
Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaeaa
Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii
Little Tern, Sternula albifrons
Black Tern, Chlidonias niger
Forster's Tern, Sterna forsteri
Sooty Tern, Sterna Fuscata
Common White Tern, Gygis Alba
Lesser Noddy, Anous Tenuirostris
White-winged Black Tern, Chlidonias leucopterus

Razorbill, Alca torda
Guillemot, Uria aalge
Black Guillemot, Cepphus grylle
Little Auk, Alle alle
Puffin, Fratercula arctica

Pigeons and Doves
Rock Dove, Columba livia
Stock Dove, Columba oenas
Wood Pigeon, Columba palumbus
Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
European Turtle Dove, Streptopelia turtur
Laughing Dove, Spilopelia senegalensis
Namaqua Dove, Oena capensis

Common Cuckoo, Cuculus canorus

Barn Owl, Tyto alba
Dark-breasted Barn Owl, Tyto alba guttata
Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus
Little Owl, Athene noctua
Scops Owl, Otus scops
Tawny Owl, Strix aluco
Northern Hawk-owl, Surnia ulula
Long-eared Owl, Asio otus

European Nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus
Red-necked Nightjar, Caprimulgus ruficollis

Common Swift, Apus apus
Pallid Swift, Apus pallidus
Alpine Swift, Tachymarptis melba
Little Swift, Apus affinis
White-rumped Swift, Apus caffer

Eurasian Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis
Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle Rudis

European Bee-Eater, Merops apiaster

European Roller, Coracias garrulus

Hoopoe, Upupa epops

Rose-ringed Parakeet, Psittacula krameri

Black Woodpecker, Dryocopus martius
European Green Woodpecker, Picus viridis
Great Spotted Woodpecker, Dendrocopos major
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Dryobates minor
Black-backed Woodpecker, Picoides arcticus
Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
Syrian Woodpecker, Dendrocopos syriacus
Eurasian Wryneck, Jynx torquilla

Shore Lark, Eremophila alpestris
Greater Short-toed Lark, Calandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed Lark, Calandrella rufescens
Calandra Lark, Melanocorypha calandra
Woodlark, Lullula arborea
Eurasian Skylark, Alauda arvensis
Oriental Skylark, Alauda gulgula
Crested Lark, Galerida cristata
Thekla Lark, Galerida theklae
Desert Lark, Ammomanes deserti

Swallows and Martins
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped Swallow, Cecropis daurica
House Martin, Delichon urbicum
Crag Martin, Ptyonoprogne rupestris
European Sand Martin, Riparia riparia
Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
Purple Martin, Progne subis
Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina

Tree Pipit, Anthus trivialis
Meadow  Pipit, Anthus pratensi
Red-throated Pipit, Anthus cervinus
Water Pipit, Anthus spinoletta
Tawny Pipit, Anthus campestris
Richard's Pipit, Anthus richardi
Eurasian Rock Pipit, Anthus petrosus
Berthelot's Pipit, Anthus berthelotii

White Wagtail, Motacilla alba
Pied Wagtail, Motacilla alba yarrellii
Grey Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea
Canarian Grey Wagtail, Motacilla Cinerea Canariensis
Blue-headed Wagtail, Motacilla flava flava
Western Yellow Wagtail, Motacilla flava
Syke's Wagtail, Motacilla flava beema
Black-headed Wagtail, Motacilla flava feldegg
Citrine Wagtail, Motacilla citreola
Grey-headed Wagtail, Motacilla flava thunbergi
Ashy-headed Wagtail, Motacilla flava cinereocapilla

Great Grey Shrike, Lanius excubitor
Southern Grey Shrike, Lanius meridionalis
Lesser Grey Shrike, Lanius minor
Masked Shrike, Lanius nubicus
Woodchat Shrike, Lanius senator
Red-backed Shrike, Lanius collurio
Isabelline Shrike, Lanius isabellinus
Turkestan Shrike, Lanius isabellinus phoenicuroides

Golden Oriole, Oriolus oriolus
Bullock's Oriole, Icterus bullockii
Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula

Common Starling, Sturnus vulgaris
Spotless Starling, Sturnus unicolor
Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis
Rosy Starling, Pastor roseus
Grey Hypocolious, Hypocolius ampelinus

Bohemian Waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum

White-eared Bulbul, Pycnonotus leucotis
Common Bulbul, Pycnonotus barbatus
White-spectacled Bulbul, Pycnonotus xanthopygos

Eurasian Jay, Garrulus glandarius
Siberian Jay, Perisoreus infaustus
Gray Jay, Perisoreus canadensis
Eurasian Magpie, Pica pica
Azure-winged Magpie, Cyanopica cyanus
Red-billed Chough, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Alpine Chough, Pyrrhocorax graculus
Common Raven, Corvus cora
Rook, Corvus frugilegus
Carrion Crow, Corvus corone
Hooded Crow, Corvus cornix
Eurasian Jackdaw, Corvus monedula
American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos

European Dipper, Cinclus cinclus

Eurasian Wren, Troglodytes troglodytes

Dunnock, Prunella modularis

Common Grasshopper Warbler, Locustella naevia
Savi's Warbler, Locustella luscinioides
Eurasian Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Sedge Warbler, Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Cetti's Warbler, Cettia cetti
Fan-tailed Warbler, Cisticola juncidis
Graceful Warbler, Prinia gracilis
Streaked Scrub Warbler, Scotocerca inquieta
Icterine Warbler, Hippolais icterina
Melodious Warbler, Hippolais polyglotta
Common Whitethroat, Sylvia communis
Lesser Whitethroat, Sylvia curruca
Garden Warbler, Sylvia borin
Eurasian Blackcap, Sylvia atricapilla
Western Orphean Warbler, Sylvia hortensis
Sardinian Warbler, Sylvia melanocephala
Ménétries' Warbler, Sylvia mystacea
Asian Desert Warbler, Sylvia nana
Dartford Warbler, Sylvia undata
Greenish Warbler, Phylloscopus trochiloides ssp. trochiloides
Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus
Willow Warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus acredula
Siberian Chiffchaff, Phylloscopus collybita tristis
Chiffchaff, Phylloscopus collybita
Scandinavian Chiffchaff, Phylloscopus collybita abietinus
Wood Warbler, Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Firecrest, Regulus ignicapilla
Goldcrest, Regulus regulus
American Yellow Warbler, Setophaga petechia
Rüppell's Warbler, Sylvia rueppelli
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler, Iduna pallida
Great Reed Warbler, Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Western Bonelli's Warbler, Phylloscopus bonelli
Arctic Warbler, Phylloscopus borealis
Yellow-browed Warbler, Phylloscopus inornatus
Pallas's Warbler, Phylloscopus proregulus
Dusky Warbler, Phylloscopus fuscatus
Marsh Warbler, Acrocephalus palustris
Radde's Warbler, Phylloscopus schwarzi
Subalpine Warbler, Sylvia cantillans

Spotted Flycatcher, Muscicapa striata
European Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca
Eastern Kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus
Western Wood Pewee, Contopus sordidulus
Collared Flycatcher, Ficedula albicollis
Red-breasted Flycatcher, Ficedula parva

Greenland Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe leucorhoa
Northern Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe
Desert Wheatear, Oenanthe deserti
Isabelline Wheatear, Oenanthe isabellina
Kurdish Wheatear, Oenanthe xanthoprymna
Black-eared Wheatear, Oenanthe hispanica
Mourning Wheatear, Oenanthe lugens
Hooded Wheatear, Oenanthe monacha
Pied Wheatear, Oenanthe pleschanka
Black Wheatear, Oenanthe leucura

European Stonechat, Saxicola rubicola
Siberian Stonechat, Saxicola torquata maura
African Stonechat, Saxicola torquatus
Caspian Stonechat,  Saxicola maurus variegatus
Stejneger's Stonechat, Saxicola stejnegeri
Whinchat, Saxicola rubetra
Blue Rock Thrush, Monticola solitarius
Common Rock Thrush, Monticola saxatilis

Black Redstart, Phoenicurus ochruros
Eastern Black Redstart, Phoenicurus ochruros phoenicuroides
Common Redstart, Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Eversmann's Redstart, Phoenicurus erythronotus
European Robin, Erithacus rubecula
Bluethroat, Luscinia svecica
Nightingale, Luscinia megarhynchos
Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin, Cercotrichas galactotes
Thrush Nightingale, Luscinia luscinia
Red-flanked Bluetail, Tarsiger cyanurus

Blackbird, Turdus merula
Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
Black-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
Redwing, Turdus iliacus
Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
American Robin, Turdus migratorius
Rusty Blackbird, Euphagus carolinus
Brewer's Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus

Common Grackle, Quiscalus quiscula

Coal Tit, Periparus ater
Continental Coal Tit, Periparus ater ater
Great Tit, Parus major
Blue Tit, Cyanistes caeruleus
Crested Tit, Lophophanes cristatus
Marsh Tit, Poecile palustris
Willow Tit, Poecile montanus
Black-capped Chickadee, Poecile atricapillus

Long-Tailed Tits
Long-tailed Tit, Aegithalos caudatus

Bearded Tits
Bearded Tit, Panurus biarmicus

Penduline Tits
Penduline Tit, Remiz pendulinus

Eurasian Nuthatch, Sitta europaea
Western Rock Nuthatch, Sitta neumayer

Treecreeper, Certhia familiaris
Short-toed Treecreeper, Certhia brachydactyla

Spanish Sparrow, Passer hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus
House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
Pale Rock Sparrow, Carpospiza brachydactyla
Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
Common Waxbill, Estrilda Astrild
Red Avadavat, Amandava amandava
Indian Silverbill, Euodice malabarica
Italian Sparrow, Passer italiae
Rock Sparrow, Petronia petronia

Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla
Chaffinch, Fringilla coelebs
European Goldfinch, Carduelis carduelis
European Goldfinch, Carduelis carduelis parva
Eurasian Siskin, Carduelis Spinus
Pine Siskin, Carduelis Pinus
European Greenfinch, Chloris chloris
European Greenfinch, Carduelis chloris aurantiiventris
Eurasian Bullfinch, Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Northern Bullfinch, Pyrrhula Pyrrhula Pyrrhula
Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Lesser Redpoll, Acanthis cabaret
Mealy Redpoll, Carduelis flammea
Twite, Carduelis flavirostris
Common Linnet, Carduelis cannabina
Canary, Serinus flaviventris
European Serin, Serinus serinus
Purple Finch, Haemorhous purpureus

Scottish Crossbill, Loxia scotica
Balearic Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra balearica

Cirl Bunting, Emberiza cirlus
Corn Bunting, Emberiza calandra
Yellowhammer, Emberiza citrinella
Reed Bunting, Emberiza schoeniclus
Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis
Lapland Bunting, Calcarius lapponicus
Lark Bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys
Black-headed Bunting, Emberiza melanocephala
Ortolan Bunting, Emberiza hortulana
Little Bunting, Emberiza pusilla

WORLD TOTAL: 516 as of 8 Dec 18

Additional Species not included in my Life List

Swallow x Sand Martin

Pigment Variations
1 Hepatic European Cuckoo
1 Leucistic Black-headed Gull

Black Swan
Chiloe Wigeon
Hooded Merganser
Golden Sparrow